Medicinal Values
Njavara is the unique rice cultivar grown only in Kerala, from time immemorial, bestowed with extra short duration. This is the only cultivar traditionally used effectively in the Ayurvedic system of medicine in certain specific treatments like Panchakarma. It is interesting to note that this treatment is now getting more and more popular, not only in this region of the country but also in other parts of the nation and even in other countries
Njavara as a special cereal, having properties to rectify the basic ills affecting the circulatory, respiratory as well as the digestive system. Black glumed Njavara has been used in Ayurveda treatment from the age of Charaka-ie, BC.600. Njavara Kizhi and Njavara Theppu are two major treatment in Ayurveda in conditions of Arthritis, Paralysis, Neurological complaints, Degeneration of muscles, Tuberculosis, for children with Anemia, for women during lactation, in certain ulcers, skin diseases - Njavara has applications in all these indications.
Njavara is a health food for people of all ages.

Folk Knowledge

It is believed that the Njavara cultivated in upland areas are more active medicinally.The farmers speak about Njavara as “Gold With Fragrance” because if he has a stock of the seeds with him, he could earn good price in any season. Though Njavara is having low productivity, some people cultivate it with very enthusiasm. In Northern part of the state, awnless black variety is said to be good for medicines and they regard it as the original Njavara. Both the black glumed and the golden yellow glumed is used in folk medicines. It is mainly used for curing Rheumatism. Nowadays people using Njavara as a food crop is very scarce and consider Njavara as a medicinal plant. The rice with little sourness and sweetness is used for increasing immunity during the month of “Karkkidakam”. It is an energetic food for people of all the age group. The rice is good if used without boiling

Njavara in Ayurveda
In Ayurveda it is said that “Shashtikovreehista shreshtaha” ie, red rice reaped within 60 days is the medicinal one. It is “Njavara” recommended by saints to keep juvenile and long life. The “Shashtikathailam” extracted from the bran of the rice is used for curing neural diseases and also used to cure body pain and eye disorders


Njavara Kizhi
It is a part of “Pindasweda” and in this method of healing, the body is forced to perspire using Njavara and other herbal medicines. In Panchakarma, Njavara Kizhi is an integral part for keeping the balance between “vatha”, “pitha” and “Kapha”. In “Pindasweda” the Njavara rice is boiled in “Kurunthottikazhayam”, which is a decoction of sida root and milk. It is taken in cloth bags (Kizhis) and is used for massaging.

Njavara Theppu
A paste of boiled Njavara rice with light warmth is applied on the body. It is recommended for patients unable to bear the Njavara Kizhi. Here the rice is boiled in “Kurunthottikazhayam”.
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